OpenStack is getting a hug from VMware and Eucalyptus

What’s OpenStack position in the market?

OpenStack traditionally had competition from both well-established closed-source vendors and other open-source initiatives. Time has passed, and the cloud world has matured. So how is OpenStack doing now?

Want to know how a certain company is positioned in the market? Check what its competitors are saying (and doing) about it. Business analysis 101. So let’s examine a couple of competitors from the closed-source and the open-source fronts, including some very recent announcements.

The closed-source enterprise front: VMware

One of OpenStack’s fierce rivals on the enterprise virtualization domain is VMware. VMware has established its reputation in server virtualization and gained foothold in all major enterprises, which gave it clear leverage when offering private cloud for the data center.

Nonetheless, VMware could not afford to ignore the OpenStack wave and has been keeping presence in the foundation, including active code contributions to the main OpenStack projects and a community page around their integration.
Then they decided to hug OpenStack even closer.
A couple of days ago, during VMWorld 2014 conference, VMware announced its own OpenStack distribution, dubbed “VMware Integrated OpenStack”. VMware says it is

a solution that will enable IT organizations to quickly and cost-effectively provide developers with open, cloud-style APIs to access VMware infrastructure.

VMware even launched a new blog dedicated for OpenStack where VMware appeals for developers based on its reputation with developer tools and frameworks, as well as enterprise experience, promising to be the agile way to develop OpenStack in enterprise grade.

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The open-source community front: Eucalyptus

VMware is not the only player to recognize OpenStack’s lead position. Eucalyptus is another open-source initiative that competed with OpenStack in its early days on the hearts of the OSS community. One of its strategic moves was to partner with Amazon to provide AWS-compatible API, to enable hybrid cloud deployments.

A couple of weeks ago Eucalyptus CTO Marten Mickos, the guy who compared OpenStack to the Soviet Union, surprised everyone by stating in his blog that he wants nothing short of to be an OpenStack contributor. Yes, you heard me right, Eucalyptus wants to help the enemy. In his post he explains the rationale:

I want OpenStack to succeed. When that happens, Eucalyptus can also succeed. OpenStack is (in my humble opinion) the name of a phenomenon of enormous proportions. Eucalyptus is the name of a tightly focused piece of software that serves a unique use case. I am intent on finding and pursuing a mutual benefit. 

Seems like Eucalyptus bets on the complexity of OpenStack and tries to position itself as a less broad but simpler solution. If you ever tried installing and configuring OpenStack on your environment you’d know that this approach can make a lot of sense. The system integrators sure monetize on that. It would be interesting to see the reactions to Marten’s message in the OpenStack Silicon Valley event next month.

If you can’t beat them, join them

Things look good for OpenStack. Prominent closed-source competitors as well as open-source competitors are coming to the realization that OpenStack is becoming the de-facto standard for private clouds, and are now embracing OpenStack and are trying to position themselves as complementary. The game is not yet over. There are still vendors, both closed-source enterprise shops such as Microsoft Azure, and open-source, primarily CloudStack (some would argue also OpenNebula), still giving a fight. Things also differ in different regions. But in my view the recent announcements of past weeks are a good evidence in favor of OpenStack.
Who’s next in line to hug OpenStack?

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Samsung shifts gear on IoT and the Smart Home and acquires SmartThings for $200M

Samsung has a clear interest in the Internet of Things and the Smart Home. With its vast range of consumer devices it is only natural for it to connect it all together and let you control it via your Galaxy smartphone, tablet or even smart watch (Gear).

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On CES2014 (Consumer Electronics Show) earlier this year Samsung shared its vision of One Service to Rule Them All, and introduced its new Smart Home service:

in a move that could change the home forever, Samsung announced a new Smart Home service that puts people in control of their devices and home appliances with one application that connects them all.

But how can you presume to control everything if you can’t talk the common language? This is where Samsung started exploring emerging standards. First Samsung teamed up with Intel, Dell and others to form the Open Interconnect Consortium (OIC), then When Google came with its own Thread Group initiative it jumped this wagon as well. As I stated on my last post, it is yet unclear how the different initiatives will relate to one another, so Samsung hedged its bets on the open standards front.

While standard bodies battle for domination, Samsung doesn’t wait and makes a parallel move on the platform front. In this $200M-worth move, Samsung announced acquiring SmartThings, a US-based start-up developing a smartphone app which enables users to monitor and control their domestic affairs even when they are out of their home. It is also an open platform, which encourages the developer community and device makes to create new applications and expand the range of uses and smart devices.

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Though the developer community is somewhat concerned by the impact of the acquisition on the platform’s openness, SmartThings founder and CEO Alex Hawkinson ensures in his blog that “SmartThings will remain SmartThings”. Judging from Samsung’s moves with open standards and open platforms (such as the data and sensor platforms for health monitoring), it seems like Samsung embraces openness as its main path for market penetration, which is a positive indication for the future of SmartThings.

Samsung seems to bet heavily on the Internet of Things and the Smart Home. David Eun, head of Samsung’s Open Innovation Center, said that “Connected devices have long been strategically important to Samsung” and that more investments, acquisitions and partnerships around the internet of things were planned. In this rate, we won’t have to wait long for their next move.

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Will the Internet of Things talk Googlish?

Things definitely change fast in the landscape of the Internet of Things. On my last blog post less than 2 weeks ago I discussed standardization efforts in IoT and covered the announcement of a new consortium called Open Interconnect Consortium (OIC), led by Samsung, Intel, Dell and others.

And just a week later we got the new heavy gun in the field: Google announced, through its recently acquired company Nest, a new industry group called Thread, together with Samsung, ARM Holdings and others, to define the communications standard for the smart home. The new standard is said to solve reliability, security, power and compatibility issues for connecting products around the home.

Thread-Group

This announcement joins Microsoft’s announcement from beginning of this month about joining AllSeen Alliance as the 51st member, which was followed by last week’s announcement of 7 other new members, making AllSeen Alliance 58 members strong to date (on my last blog post earlier this month they were only 51, just think about it…).

Google’s new consortium joins other industry consortia. How do these different initiatives relate to one another? This question becomes even more interesting when noting that Samsung is a member of both OIC and Thread Group (see footnote), and that Apple’s list of HomeKit partners includes Broadcom (another member of OIC) and Haier (member of AllSeen Alliance).

It may be that in these early stages organizations are reluctant to bet on a single horse and distribute the risk across different consortia. It may also be that some of these initiatives are not really competitive but rather complementary. Reading through the statement of the new Thread Group seems that they target a new networking protocol (to supersede WiFi, Bluetooth and the likes) for IoT to be more energy-efficient and scalable, which may be complementary to the mandate declared by OIC which seems to deal with higher layers. But as statements are very high level and tend to change, we will have to patiently wait and see how it plays out.

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* Update: in a subsequent post I explored Samsung’s play in IoT in greater detail. read more here.

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The common language of the Internet of Things

On my last post I described the chronology of the Internet Of Things (IoT) since the early 1990s and until these days, and the drive for its evolution. On that post we’ve established the motivation and the $$ to invest in the IoT. So what is the next step?

Since the Internet of Things is all about enabling devices of various kinds to talk to each other, we need to have a common language for these devices to talk. This becomes more acute when when involving devices of different vendors and providers.

Do you remember the Internet in its early days? back then there were islands of isolated networks and we were missing a common language to enable them to talk between them. In the internet case the solution was the invent of Internet Protocol (IP), which standardized the communication “language” and addressing system (together with higher-level standards which followed such as TCP, UDP and HTTP). These open standards paved the way for the mass adoption of the internet and its worldwide spread. In fact, IP got caught up with its own success, with IPv4 (4th version of the protocol) nearing exhaustion of its address space, and mandating the inevitable switch to IPv6, through a sometimes-painful migration process (as many old systems were hard-wired to the IPv4 format).

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What is the “Internet Protocol” of the Internet Of Things?
This question drove the formation of a new standardization body which was announced yesterday and which is backed by a consortium of industry leaders such as Samsung, Intel and Dell. The new consortium, called Open Interconnect Consortium (OIC), is said to focus on :

… delivering a specification, an open source implementation, and a certification program for wirelessly connecting devices.

oic-diagram

This initiative joins other initiatives in the area, most notably AllSeen Alliance which was founded in December and already has 51 members including LG Electronics, Panasonic, Qualcomm, Cisco another and others, and the newest member – Microsoft – which joined just earlier this month. During its Worldwide Developers Conference last month Apple also announced a similar initiative called HomeKit based on iOS devices. These initiatives are all aimed at standardizing the language in which devices will talk in the Internet of Things.

Standardization is an important step in maturing of any technology. Furthermore, open source standards, APIs, and reference implementations, have become a predominant part of the IT industry, and emerging technologies are now expected to provide them. An excellent example of that is Cloud Computing, which grew the open standards of OpenStack and CloudStack that are backed by impressive communities incorporating industry leader corporation, service integrators and individual contributors worldwide alike. Reviewing the recently-released statement of work by the OIC shows it is well aware of this expectation and is set to provide that.

Open standards and open source implementation is the right step for IoT. We should only hope that the communities grow and establish good collaboration between the members and between the different alliances (and avoid needless politics) so that they could put forth the right standard to meet the needs, and more importantly – adapt them to the changing needs in an agile manner for the benefit of all.

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* Update: in a subsequent post I cover a new IoT standardization initiative by Google. read more here.

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How IBM is using big data to fix Beijing’s pollution crisis

horovits:

A fascinating way to leverage big data to help the world

Originally posted on Quartz:

Of China’s major cities, Beijing’s pollution problem is probably the worst, causing thousands of premature deaths every year. Its residents are fed up. The growing outrage has forced leaders to declare a “war on pollution,” including the goal of slashing Beijing’s PM2.5— the concentration of the particles that pose the greatest risk to human health—by 25% by 2017. The Beijing municipal government will earmark nearly 1 trillion yuan ($160 billion) to meet that target.

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Why, then, are the city’s own government officials skeptical about hitting that 2017 goal? Perhaps because Beijing’s pollution woes are unusually complicated. The city is flanked on three sides by smog-trapping mountain ranges. There are numerous sources of foul air, and a multitude of subtle ways the chemicals interact with each other, which make it hard to identify what problems need fixing.

IBM thinks it change that outlook. On Monday, the company will unveil a 10-year initiative launched in partnership with the Beijing Municipal Government…

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Facebook outage reported now worldwide

Facebook is down. trying to access the page shows a page with a laconic message that “something went wrong”.

facebook outage error message

According to downdetector.com the outage started 3:55 a.m. EDT.

facebook outage statistics downcenter.com

Reports are  flooding the net. The outage seems to be worldwide.

facebook outage twitter responses

So far no explanation from Facebook.

Stay tuned.

 

 

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The Internet of Things: Vision and Execution

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the hot buzzword these days. Everyone’s talking about it, there’s proliferation of ventures around it, and trillions of dollars are invested in it.

According to a new research published by IDC last week:

a transformation is underway that will see the worldwide market for IoT solutions grow from $1.9 trillion in 2013 to $7.1 trillion in 2020.

Although IoT seems like a relatively new hype, the concept has in fact been discussed since the early 1990s and the term was coined back in 1999 by Kevin Ashton. Around the same year Microsoft launched a new concept video (highlighted last week by Gizmodo) sharing its futuristic vision for the Smart Home.

Microsoft may not have used the term IoT on that video, but it certainly effectively preached it, talking about things such as opening the door using our voice or eye scan, locating our spouse on the family car via the car’s computer, sending our children messages to their “Pocket PC”, or having the trash bin adding groceries to the shopping list.

What seemed like science fiction only 15 years ago, is now a reality coming true. With the wireless and mobile internet readily available everywhere, smartphones (anyone said “Pocket PC”?) being a commodity even for children, GPS positioning available from satellites straight to our devices, telematics prevailing in vehicles and other devices, and much more, the infrastructure is in place to connect everything together, not just PCs and smartphones but literally every device from our toaster to our car. According to Gartner’s research:

The Internet of Things (IoT), which excludes PCs, tablets and smartphones, will grow to 26 billion units installed in 2020 representing an almost 30-fold increase from 0.9 billion in 2009, according to Gartner, Inc. Gartner said that IoT product and service suppliers will generate incremental revenue exceeding $300 billion, mostly in services, in 2020. It will result in $1.9 trillion in global economic value-add through sales into diverse end markets.

With such economic drive there’s no wonder that everyone is investing in IoT. from startups to Apple and Google, from voice commands (e.g. Apple Siri) to location-based tracking apps (e.g. FindMe), from smart TV (e.g. Amazon FireTV) to self-learning thermostat (e.g. Nest, startup recently acquired by Google). Even humans are instrumented nowadays (see rumors yesterday that Apple will launch it’s iWatch at an October event, with a multitude of health and fitness sensors).

Microsoft’s absence in this field is particularly evident, in light of their clear vision 15 years ago as well as their complete domination of the software market at the time. Was it the company’s size? was it lack of agility? Whatever the reason may be, it is clear that whether the vision was good, execution did not follow, leaving Microsoft to now chase other major players.

According to Cosmology, the early universe underwent exponential expansion, in what is known as the Inflationary Model. Similarly, we are now in the early stages of the Internet of Things, and with more and more devices instrumented and connected every day, we are now witnessing the inflationary model of the Internet of Things. So hold on for the ride, and make sure not to be left behind on vision and execution.

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